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Improve Your Jaw Health With Bone Grafting

Bone grafting is a surgical procedure often closely associated with dental restorations, such as bridge work and dental implants. In the majority of cases, the success of a restoration procedure can hinge on the height, depth, and width of the jawbone at the implant site. When the jawbone has receded or sustained significant damage, the implant(s) cannot be supported on this unstable foundation, and bone grafting is usually recommended for the ensuing restoration.

Factors That Can Affect Jaw Bone Volume

There are several factors that can negatively impact the volume and stability of your jaw bone, including the following:

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease can affect and permanently damage the jaw bone that supports the teeth. Affected areas progressively worsen until the teeth become unstable.

Tooth Extraction

Studies have shown that patients who have experienced a tooth extraction subsequently lose 40-60% of the bone surrounding the extraction site during the following three years. Loss of bone results in what is called a bone defect.

Injuries and Infections

Dental injuries and other physical injuries resulting from a blow to the jaw can cause the bone to recede. Infections can also cause the jaw bone to recede in a similar way.

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Common Reasons for Bone Grafts

Bone grafting is a highly successful procedure in most cases. It is also a preferable alternative to having missing teeth, diseased teeth, or tooth deformities. Bone grafting can increase the height or width of the jawbone and fill in voids and defects in the bone.

There are two basic ways in which bone grafting can positively impact the health and stability of the teeth:

  • Jaw Stabilization: Bone grafting stabilizes and helps restore the jaw foundation for restorative or implant surgery. Deformities can also be corrected and the restructuring of the bone can provide added support.
  • Jaw Preservation: Bone grafting can be used to limit or prevent bone recession following a tooth extraction, periodontal disease, or other invasive processes.
doctor showing client their teeth x-ray
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Your Oral Examination Before Bone Grafting

Before you undergo bone grafting in Houston at Sinada Dental, you’ll need to schedule a thorough oral exam with one of our knowledgeable dental professionals. Initially, your dentist will examine the affected area in order to assess the general condition of your teeth and gums. If periodontal disease is present or the adjacent teeth are in poor condition, these factors will be fully addressed before the bone grafting procedure can begin. The dentist will also recommend panoramic X-rays in order to assess the precise depth and width of the existing bone. On occasion, a CAT scan may be recommended to determine the bone condition. Depending on these results, the dentist may also anesthetize the area and explore into the gum in order to determine what kind and how much bone is required.

What Does the Bone Grafting Procedure Involve?

There are several types of bone grafts that can be used, and your dentist will determine the best type for your particular condition.

  • Autogenous Bone Graft: This type of bone graft is harvested from the patient’s own body (usually from the posterior part of the lower jaw or the chin). This method is typically preferred because it produces the most predictable results.
  • Allograft Bone Graft: Cadaver or synthetic bone is used in this type of graft.
  • Xenograft: Cow bone is used in this type of graft.

The bone grafting procedure can often take several months to complete. Bone is harvested from your own body or a bone bank and added to the affected site. This bone will fuse with the existing bone, and the migration of cells will cause firm adhesion and cell growth. Supplementing the jaw with bone will result in greater bone mass to help support and anchor the implant(s). During the surgery, the dentist will numb the grafting and extraction sites using a local anesthetic.

A small incision will be made to prepare the site for the new bone, and it will be anchored into place. On occasion, a synthetic membrane may be used to cover the new bone. This membrane prevents soft tissue and bacterial invasions and encourages new bone growth. The bone grafting surgery does not require an overnight stay, and you will be provided with comprehensive instructions for your post-operative care. Your dentist will prescribe medications to help manage infection, discomfort, and swelling.

Why Choose Sinada Dental for Bone Grafting?

At Sinada Dental, we have a team of dental professionals who are highly trained and experienced in oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures. For your bone grafting procedure in Houston, we’ll curate a personalized treatment plan designed to improve your overall dental health and quality of life. If you have any questions or would like to schedule your initial exam, simply give our office a call today.

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Your teeth and mouth are the backbone to a healthy and beautiful life. You deserve trusted hands and veteran dentists by your side. Whether its cosmetic dentistry, maxillofacial surgery, or even just a general cleaning, we know how to provide the utmost in comfort, care and results.

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